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Gross Salary vs. Net Salary: Key differences, Components and Calculation

Team Jar
January 31, 2023
Gross Salary vs. Net Salary: Key differences, Components and Calculation

Everybody knows about this but when it comes to the jargon of financial documents we feel lost. Let's understand everything about Gross Salary and Net Salary.

You've just begun working and aren't sure what the difference is between your gross salary and net salary?

Don’t worry, we’ve got you. Salary is the payment you get from your employer every month in return for the services you provide to them. Correct?

This amount is referred to as Gross Salary. Let’s dive in in deeper in to this...

What is Gross Salary?

Gross Salary is the sum of all the components that make up your salary package as an employee.

These are your earnings before all mandatory and optional deductions such as income tax, Provident Fund, medical insurance, and so on.

Overtime pay and incentives are all included in your gross salary.

You should get a detailed breakdown of all the components that make up your gross salary and your benefits in your employee pay slip. 

What are the components of your Gross Salary? 

  1. Basic Salary
  2. Dearness Allowance (DA)
  3. House Rent Allowance (HRA)
  4. Conveyance Allowance
  5. Leave and Travel Allowance
  6. Performance and Special Allowances 
  7. Other Allowances

Read more about Salary Slip components here

Difference between Gross Salary and Net Salary:

Now comes the crucial part, 

How to Calculate your Gross Salary?

It’s pretty simple, once you’re clear with all the components correctly and accurately. Let’s understand it better with an example.

Suppose there’s Afreen. 

Afreen works at an IT firm. Here’s her salary structure:

So, as per the gross salary formula, which is:

Gross Salary = Basic Salary + HRA + Other Allowances

Gross Salary = ₹5,00,000 + ₹45,000 + ₹1,55,000

Gross Salary = ₹7,00,000

Afreen’s Gross Salary is ₹7,00,000.

How to calculate your Net Salary?

Net salary formula is:

Net Salary = Gross Salary - All deductions (Income Tax, PF, Gratuity, etc)

Based on Afreen’s salary structure, she falls under the tax slab of 10%, which is for employees with ₹5,00,000 to ₹7,50,000.

Hence, she’s liable to pay ₹33,637 as tax.

Now, her net salary would be: 

Net Salary = 7,00,000 - 33,637 - 84,000 - 29,629 = ₹5,52,734

And that’s how you can calculate your own gross and net salary. It’s a little juggling with numbers, but nothing too confusing once you get a hang of it.

All you have to do is apply those formulas. Good luck! 

P.S. - Now that you’ve started earning, how about starting to invest from now itself?

The sooner, the better. Your future self will thank you for it. Take a look at this article if you’re interested in Savings & Investing in Digital Gold.